Edward W. Brooke III became the first African-American to be popularly elected to the U.S. Senate in 1966, after an 85-year absence of African-American Senators.  

He served two terms as attorney general for Massachusetts, earning a reputation as a stern prosecutor of organized crime.

Brooke was also a strong supporter of equal opportunity in housing and employment.

The Brooke Amendment of 1969 established rules for public assisted housing, and bears his name.